Major rivers, the Padma the Jamuna (Brahamaputra), the Gangas and Meghna have divided Bangladesh geographically into four principal areas, namely the North Zone, the East zone, the North-West zone and the South-West zone. The proposed Bridge site is located immediately downstream of the confluence of the Ganges and Jamuna Rivers and forms a complete nodal section. The present river width, as measured on the satellite images (January 2003), is around 4.8 km including a sand bar. Distributaries from the right flow near the proposed site of the bridge, the ferry ghaat of Dalutdia is located at one of those outlets.
The proposed bridge will connect National Highways at the Paturia and Goalundo Sides respectively, which are linked by the ferry services. These connecting roads are both in good conditions and do not require improvements.
A pre-feasibility study was conducted in 1999. After that, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) conducted a feasibility study of a fixed river crossing, incorporating road, railway, telecommunication and gas across the Padma River. The study was completed in January 2005 and the consultant had submitted the final report in May 2005. In the study, 4 Crossing sites; Paturia-Goalundo, Dohar-Charbhadrasan, Mawa- Janjira and Chadpur-Bhedaraganj) were considered based on a plan-form of the Padma river. All four sites were subject to initial screening following which, two preferred sites; Paturia-Goalundo and Mawa- Janjira were selected based on the comparative studies from physical, technical, economic, local infrastructure and social/environmental perspective. The Government has already taken steps necessary for the construction of the 1st Padma Bridge at Mawa- Janjira location.
Some districts of Mid and Northwest region will take some time to cross the Padma river through Mawa-Janjira point than Paturia-Goalundo location. To shorten the distance between Meherpur, Chuadanga, Kushtia, Jhenadaha, Magura, Rajbari, Faridpur and parts of Narail, Gopalganj, Jessore and Madaripur Districts with Dhaka and Eastern part of the country it is imperative to construct 2nd Padma Bridge at Paturia-Goalundo location.
As a step to construct the bridge at Paturia-Goalundo, Government has already approved the Preliminary Development Project Proposal (PDPP) in-principle.